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Arabization and Westernization Book on Development of Arabic Language

In his book, author Mahmoud Fawzi Al-Manawi makes a distinction between the call for innovation in language, which is a necessary and required call, and the demolition of conventional rules.

The book “Arabization and Westernization” regards language as the most important foundation of identity, and that the flourishing of a language is a sign of the cohesion of its people and the rise of their civilization. On the contrary, weakness of the language is a harbinger of the demise of the nation and the decline of its scientific and cultural role among other nations.

The author of the book, Dr. Mahmoud Fawzi Al-Manawi, asserts that Arabic is an imperishable treasure and a vast sea. It is a language of derivation and not a language of composition. It is full of vocabulary and antonyms, the matter which guarantees the ability to express any literary subject or scientific or human research.

Al-Manawi stresses that it is necessary for the Arabs to be producers of knowledge. Arabic language is an integral part of the Arab social and cultural reality. The cultural future of these peoples is connected with the Arabic language, so the Arabs must preserve their language with all their strength not only because it is a tool for thought, but because it connects the past with the present, and connects heritage with modern culture in various fields, most notably culture and education.

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In his book, published by the General Egyptian Book Organization, the author makes a distinction between the call for Innovation in language, which is a necessary and required call, and the demolition of conventional rules. Innovation in language is related to the use, structure of sentence and the way creative texts are written. However, innovation does not mean overthrow of the rules and the entire linguistic system. Such overthrow is not accepted by any linguist of Arabic or of any other language.

Some people denounce calls for the abolition of Arabic syntax, for example Muthana, Nun Al-Niswah, rules of usage of numbers and rules of ar-rafu, an-nasb and al-jarr. Taking such steps threatens the existence of the Arabic language.

Al-Manawi also stresses that innovation must be gradual, recognizing the need to develop the language in a manner appropriate for our cultural and social reality, while at the same time such innovation should stem from within Arab peoples and their characteristics. Above all, innovation should be advantageous.

It is certain that development should not only be in language, but also in the way in which this language is taught to people. The main problem in teaching the Arabic language is the lack of scientific methodology, in addition to the lack of clear scientific or practical effort to place it within the era in which we live.

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